Prebid.js FAQ

This page has answers to some frequently asked questions about Prebid.js. If you don’t find what you’re looking for here, there are other ways to get help.


Do we need to be a member of to submit a bidder adapter or analytics adapter?

Nope. The only approval process is a code review. There are separate instructions for:

As for membership in, that’s entirely optional – we’d be happy to have you join and participate in the various committees, but it’s not necessary for contributing code as a community member.

How often is Prebid.js updated?

We release almost every week. See the GitHub release schedule for more details.

When do I have to upgrade my version of Prebid.js? does not support any version of Prebid.js prior to the previous version. e.g. if the current version is 8.x, we’ll help debug 7.x, but not 6.x. If you want continued support through updates and documentation you should upgrade to a newer version.

Does Prebid.js support Amazon TAM?

We would love for Amazon to contribute a TAM adapter, but so far that’s not happened. Publishers that want to sync IDs across multiple header bidding wrappers should be aware of these resources:

Should Prebid bidders be in ads.txt?

Publishers should be careful to list all their bidding partners in their ads.txt file. Bidders without an entry in ads.txt may be perceived by DSPs as unauthorized sources of your inventory. The domain for any ads.txt inventory partners, if one exists, should be specified with a setConfig({}) call. For details of the specification of ads.txt entries, see ads.txt v1.1


How does Prebid support privacy regulations?

Prebid understands that publishers are under increasing pressure to respond and adapt to privacy regulations. For instance, an increasing number of laws (including California’s CPRA and laws in Colorado, Virginia, Connecticut, and Utah) already require, or will require in 2023, specific disclosures around and ability to opt out of targeted advertising activities as well as “sales” of consumer data. While we cannot give legal advice, we do provide a toolkit that supports publishers in their efforts to comply with the laws that apply to them. If there’s a tool you need that you don’t see listed below, please do open an issue in the appropriate repository (PBJS, PBS, SDK).

To get started, first talk to your lawyers to determine your legal obligations. You might, for instance, want to run a Consent Management Platform (CMP) that allows consumers to opt into or out of certain practices when your users are in privacy-sensitive jurisdictions.

After you’ve determined your legal obligations, consider the tools Prebid makes available to publishers so that their pages can determine what actions are needed based on their interpretation of the user’s actions and the company’s policies:

  • Consider utilizing an Activity Control. These are available with Prebid.js 7.48 and may help cover a number of common privacy concerns.
  • Turn off Prebid.js usersync:
  • Disable User ID modules - there are controls for different ID modules and which bidders can get which IDs.
  • Disable device access - no adapter or module will be able to create a cookie or HTML5 localstorage object.
  • For GDPR:
    • Consider the GDPR and GDPR Enforcement modules, which flexibly support various actions like cancelling usersyncs, auctions, and analytics. Using these modules, bid adapters can receive the IAB TCF string from the CMP.
    • Note that TCF 2.2 is functionally the same as TCF 2.0 from the Prebid.js perspective. The code has always relied on event listeners to get the TCF string, so when getTCData was deprecated in 2.2 the modules were unaffected. There are still references in the code only because it is still accepted as a place for statically-supplied data.
    • Alternatively, the page can just avoid turning on certain bidders or modules.
  • For CCPA / CPRA / US-Privacy:
    • Consider the US-Privacy module, which passes the IAB USP string through to bid adapters and supports data deletion events for User ID modules and other interested adapters and modules.
    • Also consider implementing an Activity Control to suppress activities upon opt-out or in environments without legal notice. An example implementation is available on the activity control documentation page.
    • Also consider implementing the GPP control module - usnat section to implement reasonable default expressions of activity controls when a usnat string is available as section 7 of a GPP string.
  • Set the COPPA flag, which passes this value through to modules and bid adapters.
    • Also consider implementing an Activity Control to suppress activities when COPPA applies. The implementation is very similar to the example CCPA implementation available on the activity control documentation page.
  • The IAB is still refining the definition of GPP. Prebid has built a GPP module that supports GPP 1.0, with 1.1 support coming soon after the specification is finalized and merged. Many bid adapters support both statically setting GPP strings, e.g. pbjs.setConfig({ortb2: {regs: {gpp: "blah", gpp_sid: [1,2]}}}); and module-read consent.
  • Avoid adding certain bidders or modules to the AdUnit.
  • Turn off header bidding altogether.

Prebid relies on the IAB and community members to determine what tools are needed to support publishers in meeting their legal obligations. As noted above, if there’s another tool you need, please open an issue in the appropriate repository, or join the org and help us improve the system!

What happened to the allowAuctionWithoutConsent flag?

This option to the ConsentManagement module was removed a long time ago in PBJS 4.0. Why?

  • It was a poorly named flag. What it did was let the auction happen on the first page before the user had responded to the CMP.
  • It was replaced by a combination of the “defaultGdprScope” flag and the ability for a publisher to disable enforcement of the basicAds TCF purpose.

See the GDPR Enforcement Module documentation for more details.


What should my timeouts be?

Below is a set of recommended best practice starting points for your timeout settings:

  • 1,000 milliseconds or less for the internal auction timeout
  • 3,000 milliseconds or less for the Prebid tag’s overall failsafe timeout

The former setting is used to track the auction once it started; if it expires, we will use whichever bidders have responded and select the winner(s) accordingly.

The latter setting is used when for some reason Prebid did not load (or there’s some other serious issue); if it expires, we will default to the adserver.

For examples of setting up these timeouts, please refer to the Basic Example page.

See the Prebid Timeouts Reference for more information about timeouts in general.

How many bid adapters should I have?

Every publisher is different. In order to answer this question you’ll need to run some tests, gather data, and decide what works for you based on your performance and monetization needs.

Generally speaking, in a client-side header bidding implementation, you should aim to bring in approximately 1-5 demand partners. In a server-to-server implementation, you have some flexibility to add more partners.

In both scenarios, your goal should be to see your inventory fill at the highest CPMs without adding too much latency in the process. When selecting your demand partners, it’s important to choose marketplaces that have premium demand at scale, high ad quality and low latency.

There is an analysis from the Prebid team here which may be useful:

How many bidders should I work with?

Does Prebid.js cache bids?

It can. Versions 1.x of Prebid.js would re-consider previous bids under limited circumstances. In Prebid.js 2.0 and later, the useBidCache option can be used to enable this functionality.

The “limited bid caching” feature applies only:

  • for the same AdUnit,
  • on the same page view,
  • for the same user, and
  • up to a certain Time-to-Live (TTL) or until the bid wins and is displayed.

Since the storage is in the browser, cached bids only apply to a single page context. If the user refreshes the page, the bid is lost.

Each bid adapter defines the amount of time their bids can be cached and reconsidered. This setting is called “Time to Live” (TTL), documented in the pbjs.getBidResponse parameter table here.

Examples of scenarios where a bid may be reconsidered in Prebid.js:

  • Auto-refresh: Some pages will reload an AdUnit on a set interval (often 60-240 seconds). Previous bids for that particular AdUnit can be reconsidered for subsequent refreshes of that unit up to the TTL or until they win the unit.
  • Infinite scroll: As the user scrolls, the same AdUnit may be dynamically created over and over. The bid can be reconsidered for dynamically-created AdUnits with the same name. Again, the bid is only re-considered on that AdUnit up to the bid TTL or until it’s displayed.
  • Galleries: Some pages feature carousel-style galleries that contain an AdUnit that refreshes as the user cycles through the content in the gallery.

Here’s how it works:

  1. Bid responses are stored in an AdUnit-specific bid pool.
  2. When the same AdUnit is called, Prebid.js calls the bidder again regardless of whether there’s a bid in that AdUnit’s bid pool.
  3. When all the new bids are back or the timeout is reached, Prebid.js considers both the new bids on that AdUnit and previously cached bids.
  4. Previously cached bids will be discarded if they’ve reached their TTL or if they have status targetingSet or rendered.
  5. A cached bid may be used if its CPM beats the new bids.
  6. Bids that win are removed from the pool. This is automatic for display and native ads, and can be done manually by the publisher for video ads by using the markWinningBidAsUsed function.

Some of my demand partners send gross bids while others send net bids; how can I account for this difference?

You will want to adjust the gross bids so that they compete fairly with the rest of your demand, so that you are seeing the most revenue possible.

In Prebid.js, you can use a bidCpmAdjustment function in the bidderSettings object to adjust any bidder that sends gross bids.

Does Prebid.js support synchronous ad server tags?

Short answer: not out of the box, because of header bidding partners’ limitations. But there are workarounds.

Take GPT synchronous mode as an example - if you’re loading GPT synchronously, there is no simple way of delaying GPT library loading to wait for bidders’ bids (setTimeout() cannot be used).

Therefore, it requires Prebid.js to run in a blocking/synchronous fashion. This will require all header bidding partners’ code to be blocking/synchronous. We’re not even sure if this is possible. We do not have a great out-of-the box solution for turning Prebid.js blocking at the moment.

Here are a couple of alternative workarounds:

  • Option 1:

    Load a blocking script that has a load time of 300-500ms. This script does nothing but keep the page waiting. In the meantime Prebid.js can run asynchronously and return the bids. After the blocking script finishes loading, GPT can start synchronously; at this point there will be header bidding bids available.

    For the best user experience, you probably want to insert this blocking script after the above the fold page content has loaded. Or if you’re okay with additional 500ms latency added to your page load time, this can be easily done.

  • Option 2:

    Use post-bid. The downsides are that post-bid no longer allows your header bidding partners to compete with Google Ad Manager/AdX, but they can still compete with each other. For more information, see What is post-bid?.

How do I use Prebid.js on secure (HTTPS) pages?

All prebid adapters that get merged should automatically detect if they’re serving into a secure page environment and respond appropriately.

In other words, you shouldn’t have to do anything other than make sure your own page loads Prebid.js securely, e.g.,

<script src='' async=true></script>

(Except that you should never never never use the copy of Prebid.js at that URL in production, it isn’t meant for production use and may break everything at any time.)

How can I change the price granularity for different ad units?

If you need different price granularities for different AdUnits (e.g. video and display), the only way for now is to make sure the auctions don’t run at the same time. e.g. Run one of them first, then kick off the other in the bidsBackHandler. e.g. here’s one approach:

  1. Call setConfig to define the priceGranularity for the first set of AdUnits
  2. Initiate the first auction with requestBids
  3. In the bidsBackHandler
    1. Set the adserver targeting for the first auction
    2. Call setConfig to define the priceGranularity for the second set of AdUnits
    3. Initiate the second auction with requestBids

The handling of this scenario will be improved in a future release.

How can I control how many targeting variables are sent to my ad server?

One way to limit the number of bytes sent to the ad server is to send only the winning bid by disabling the enableSendAllBids option. However, there are optimization and reporting benefits for sending more than one bid.

Once you find the right balance for your application, you can specify what’s sent to the ad server with targetingControls.auctionKeyMaxChars and/or sendBidsControl.bidLimit

Can I run multiple different versions of Prebid.js concurrently?

It’s technically possible, but we don’t recommend doing this:

  • The code isn’t small. For performance reasons you don’t want to run two versions if you can help it
  • We don’t test concurrent versions
  • We won’t specifically support debugging problems caused by running two concurrent versions. But will take take PRs if someone finds an issue.

If all this wasn’t enough to warn you away from trying, it should work if you name the PBJS global differently for each instance (Update the value of ‘globalVarName’ in

Can I filter bid responses that don’t meet my criteria?

Yes. Many bidders provide metadata about the bid that can be used in troubleshooting and filtering. See the list of bid response metadata and the filtering example.

Does Prebid.js resolve the AUCTION_PRICE macro?

Yes, but in a way that could cause discrepancies in reporting. It’s recommended that bid adapters resolve OpenRTB macros themselves before giving them to Prebid.js.

For historic reasons, Prebid will resolve the AUCTION_PRICE macro. Header Bidding is a first-price auction, the best candidate for “clearing price” is the original bid itself. Prebid may deprecate this resolution; it is not recommended to be resolved client-side, as it opens opportunities for abuse.

How does Prebid interact with the GAM yield group header bidding feature?

Google is developing this technology to help publishers create and manage line items in bulk. This should enable more publishers to integrate their sites with header bidding on the open web. Here is Google’s official blog post on yield group. This feature is currently in beta production.

What we know about yield group feature:

  1. The feature is limited to premium GAM accounts.
  2. The beta is limited to which publishers are involved.
  3. These use cases currently don’t work with yield groups: Native, video, AMP, Post-Bid. Google is open to feedback from the community about these scenarios.
  4. The Prebid Universal Creative is not utilized. Google has ported some portions of the PUC to an internal creative. For safeframes, the special creative calls postMessage, or if not a safeframe, it calls pbjs.renderAd() in the parent frame.
  5. The in-page Google Publisher Toolkit (GPT) reads Prebid.js objects directly from the ‘pbjs’ global. If window.pbjs does not exist, it attempts to locate a non-standard Prebid global via window._pbjsGlobals; looking for the first instance that exists with the required functionality.
  6. Not all Prebid bid adapters are supported.
  7. Aliases are not currently supported, but Google aims to support aliases that are commonly used. There may be future updates to support custom aliases.
  8. GPT determines bid values using pbjs events, specifically creating auctionEnd, bidTimeout, bidRequested, and noBid event handlers.
  9. The Yield Group should win when the adjusted bid price is higher than the header bidding price bucket (hp_pb), which should typically occur if the publisher is rounding bids down, as is the Prebid default.
  10. While detailed performance testing has not taken place, we hope that the improved auction dynamics from no longer using price bucketing will have beneficial effects on auction outcomes.


I’m a developer - how do I change the name of my module?

Sometimes the owner of a bid adapter or other kind of module wants to rename their module. However, Prebid considers module renames a ‘breaking change’ – publishers’ build processes and pages could break as a result of a renaming, so Prebid’s policy on renaming is:

  1. Create the new Prebid.js module files (js and md)
  2. If they’re basically the same code base, change the old file so that it includes the new file. This prevents duplicate maintenance of code. In general we don’t approve modules including each other, but we’ll approve it to avoid repetition.
  3. The docs repo should contain both names, with the old name referring to the new name. You can add the “enable_download: false” flag to prevent installations of the old name.
  4. At the next major release the old files may be removed.